Acker, J. (1990). Hierarchies, jobs, bodies: A theory of gendered organizations. Gender & Society, 4(2), 139–158.
Acker, S., & Armenti, C. (2004). Sleepless in academia. Gender and Education, 16(1), 3–24.
Bain, O. & Cummings, W. (2000). Academe’s Glass Ceiling: Societal, Professional-Organizational, and Institutional Barriers to the Career Advancement of Academic Women. Comparative Education Review, 44, 4.
Bakker, M. M., & Jacobs, M. H. (2016). Tenure track policy increases representation of women in senior academic positions, but is insufficient to achieve gender balance. PLoS ONE 11(9): e0163376.
Bellas, M. L., & Toutkoushian, R. K. (1999). Faculty time allocations and research productivity: Gender, race and family effects. Review of Higher Education, 22(4), 367–390.
Carlin, P., Kidd, M., Rooney, P., & Denton, B. (2007). The academic gender earnings gap: The effect of market salaries and imperfect productivity measures. Working Papers Wp200703, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Department of Economics.
Carriero, R., & Todesco, L. (2018). Housework division and gender ideology. When do attitudes really matter? Demographic Research, 39, 1039–1064.
CAUT. (2008a). Narrowing the gender gap: Women academics in Canadian universities, (2).
CAUT. (2008b). The tenure gap: Women’s university appointments, 1985–2005. CAUT Equity Review, 4.
CAUT. (2011). The persistent gap: Understanding male-female salary differentials amongst Canadian academic staff. CAUT Equity Review, 5.
CAUT. (2018). Underrepresented & underpaid: Diversity & equity among Canada’s post-secondary education teachers. Ottawa: CAUT.
Charles, M. (2011). What gender is science? Contexts, 10(2), 22–28.
Cheryan, S., Ziegler, S. A., Montoya, A. K., & Jiang, L. (2016). Why are some STEM fields more gender balanced than others? Psychological Bulletin, 143(1), 1–35.
Connelly, M.P. (2015). Women in the Labour Force. The Canadian Encyclopedia.
Correll, S. J., Benard, S., & Paik, I. (2014). Getting a job: Is there a motherhood penalty? American Journal of Sociology, 112(5), 1297–1339.
Council of Canadian Academies. (2012). Strengthening Canada’s research capacity: The gender dimension. Ottawa: Council of Canadian Academies.
Dasgupta, N., & Stout, J. G. (2014). Girls and Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics: STEMing the Tide and Broadening Participation in STEM Careers. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1(1), 21–29.
DiPrete, T. A., & Buchmann, C. (2013). The rise of women: The growing gender gap in education and what it means for American schools. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Edge, J., Kachulis, E., & McKean. (2018). Gender equity, diversity, and inclusion: Business and higher education perspectives. Ottawa: The Conference Board of Canada.
Eisenkraft, H. (2013, October 9). Examining the roots of the perennial gender gap in the STEM disciplines. University Affairs.
Fairweather, J. (2002). The mythologies of faculty productivity: Implications for institutional policy and decision making. Journal of Higher Education, 73(1), 26–48.
Finkel, S,K., Olswang, S., & She, N. (1994). Childbirth, Tenure, and Promotion for Women Faculty. The Review of Higher Education,17(3), 259-270.
Frank, K. (2019, September 16). A Gender Analysis of the Occupational Pathways of STEM Graduates in Canada. Statistics Canada.
Ginther, D. K. (2001). Does science discriminate against women? Evidence from academia, 1973–1997. FRB Atlanta Working Paper No. 2001-2.
Government of Canada. (2020, November 13). Government of Canada moves forward on pay equity to help address wage gaps in federally regulated workplaces. Employment and Social Development Canada.
Government of Canada (1995). Employment Equity Act (1995).
Government of Canada (n.d.). Federal Contractors Program.
Government of Ontario (2000). Ontario Employment Standards Act (2000).
Government of Ontario (1990). Ontario Human Rights Code (1990).
Griffith, A. I., & Smith, D. E. (2005). Mothering for schooling. New York: Routledge Falmer.
Henry, F., Dua, E., Kobayashi, A., James, C., Li, P., Ramos, H., & Smith, M. (2016) Race, racialization and Indigeneity in Canadian universities, Race Ethnicity and Education, 20(3), 300–314.
Henry, F., & Tator, C. (2012). Interviews with racialized faculty members in Canadian universities. Canadian Ethnic Studies 44(2), 75–99.
Hirshfield, L. E., & Joseph, T. D. (2012). ‘We need a woman, we need a black woman’: Gender, race, and identity taxation in the academy. Gender and Education, 24(2), 213– 227.
Horne, R., Johnson, M., Galambos, N., & Krahn, H. (2018). Time, money or gender? Predictors of the division of household labour across life stages. Sex Roles, 78(11), 731–743.
Jackson, J.F. & O’Callaghan, E.M. (2008). What do we know about glass ceiling effects? A taxonomy and critical review to inform higher education research. Research in Higher Education, 50, 460-482.
Johnson, B. J., & Harvey, W. B. (2002). The socialization of Black college faculty: Implications for policy and practice. Review of Higher Education, 25(3), 297–314.
Loden, M. (2017, December 13). 100 Women: “Why I invented the glass ceiling phrase.” BBC News.
Lyonette, C., & Crompton, R. (2015). Partners’ relative earnings and the division of domestic labour. Work, Employment & Society, 29(1), 23–40.
Milkie, M., Bianchi, S., Mattingly, M., & Robinson, J. (2002). Gendered division of childrearing: Ideals, realities, and the relationship to parental well-being. Sex Roles, 1(2), 21–38.
Momani, B., Dreher, E., Dreher, E., & Williams, K. (2019). More than a pipeline problem: Evaluating the gender pay gap in Canadian academia from 1996 to 2016. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 49(1), 1–21.
Mountz, A. (2016). Women on the edge: Workplace stress at universities in North America. The Canadian Geographer, 60(2), 205–218.
Ndandala, S. (2016). Breaking through the glass ceiling in Canadian higher ed. Inside Higher Ed (September 13, 2016).
Ontario Human Rights Commission. (2014). Human Rights in Ontario: Gender Identity and Gender Expression.
Oleschuk, M. (2020). Gender Equity Considerations for Tenure and Promotion during COVID-19. 2020 Canadian Sociological Association, 57(3), 502-515.
Ontario Government. (2021, June 25). Ontario Appoints Task Force on Women and the Economy.
Padilla, A. M. (1994). Ethnic minority scholars, research, and mentoring: Current and future issues. Educational Researcher, 23(4), 24–27.
Park, T. (2011). Do faculty members get what they deserve? A review of the literature surrounding the determinants of salary, promotion, and tenure. Journal of the Professoriate 6(1), 28-47.
Pasquerella, L. & Clauss-Ehlers, C.S. (2017). Glass cliffs, queen bees, and the snow woman effect. Liberal Education, 103(2), 6-13.
Perna, L. (2001). Sex differences in faculty salaries: A cohort analysis. Review of Higher Education 24(3), 283-308.
Sallee, M. W. (2012). The ideal worker or the ideal father: Organizational structures and culture in the gendered university. Research in Higher Education, 53(7), 782–802.
Seward, B. Y. B., Truong, K., & Kapadia, D. (2019). Untapped pool or leaky pipeline? Female involvement in the ICT sector. Toronto: Mowat Centre for Policy Innovation.
Silberman Abella, R. (1984). Equality in employment: A royal commission report. Government of Canada.
Spafford, M. M., Nygaard, V. L., Gregor, F., & Boyd, M. A. (2006). “Navigating the different spaces”: Experiences of inclusion and isolation among racially minoritized faculty in Canada. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 36(1), 1–27.
Statistics Canada. (2016). Data tables, 2016 Census of Population. Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016263. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Statistics Canada. (2019, November 25). Number and salaries of full-time teaching staff at Canadian universities (final), 2018/2019. The Daily.
Statistics Canada. (2020a). Table 37-10-0108-01 Number and salaries of full-time teaching staff at Canadian universities.
Statistics Canada. (2020b, February 19). Family Matters: sharing housework among couple sin Canada: who does what?
Statistics Canada. (2020c, September 22). Survey of postsecondary faculty and researchers, 2019. The Daily.
Stewart, P., Ornstein, M., & Drakich, J. (2009). Gender and promotion at Canadian universities. Canadian Review of Sociology, 46(1), 59–85.
Sunderland, J. (2004). Gendered Discourses. Palgrave Macmillan. London. Retrieved in part from https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/9780230505582_1
Valian, V. (2005). Beyond gender schemas: Improving the advancement of women in academia. Hypatia, 20(3), 198–213.
van Anders, S. M. (2004). Why the academic pipeline leaks: Fewer men than women perceive barriers to becoming professors. Sex Roles, 51(9–10), 511–521.
Wall, K. (2019, May 2). Persistence and representation of women in STEM programs. Insights on Canadian Society. Catalogue no. 75-006-X. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Wang, C. & Doolittle, R. (2021). Locked out of the ivory tower: How universities keep women from rising to the top. The Globe and Mail.
Ward, K. & Wolf-Wendel, L. (2016). Academic Motherhood: Mid-Career Perspectives and the Ideal Worker Norm. New Directions for Higher Education, No.176, (pp 11-24).
Wiedman, C. (2020). Rewarding Collaborative Research: Role Congruity Bias and the Gender Pay Gap in Academe. Journal of Business Ethics, 167, 793–807.
Wijesingha, R., & Ramos, H. (2017). Human Capital or Cultural Taxation: What Accounts for Differences in Tenure and Promotion of Racialized and Female Faculty? Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 47(3), 54–75.
Williams, J. (2005). The glass ceiling and the maternal wall in academia. New Directions for Higher Education, 2005(130), 91–105.
Wolf-Wendel, L. & and Ward, K. (2003) Future prospects for women faculty: Negotiating work and family. In B. Ropers-Huilman (Ed). Gendered futures in higher education: Critical perspectives for change, 111-134. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Yousaf, R., & Schmiede, R. (2017). Barriers to women’s representation in academic excellence and positions of power. Asian Journal of German and European Studies, 2(1), 1–13.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research. (2020). What is gender? What is sex?
Council of Canadian Academies. (2012). Strengthening Canada’s research capacity: the gender dimension. Report of The Expert Panel on Women in University Research. (Issue 613).
Ferguson, S. J. (2016). Women and Education: Qualifications, Skills and Technology.
Fernández, R. (2013). Cultural change as learning: The evolution of female labor force participation over a century. American Economic Review, 103(1), 472–500.
Field, C. C., Jones, G. A., Stephenson, G. K., & Khoyetsyan, A. (2014). The “ Other ” University Teachers: Non-Full-Time Instructors at Ontario Universities. 41.
Gravestock, P. & Greenleaf, E. G. (2008). Overview of Tenure and Promotion Policies Across Canada. 1-5. Toronto: University of Toronto.
McMullen, K., Gilmore, J., & Petit, C Le. (2010). Women in Non-traditional Occupations and Fields of Study.
Millar, P., & Barker, J. E. (2020). Gender and Academic Promotion to Full Professor in Ontario. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 45(1), 47–70.
Momani, B., Dreher, E., & Williams, K. (2019). More Than a Pipeline Problem: Evaluating the Gender Pay Gap in Canadian Academia from 1996 to 2016. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 49(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.7202/1060821ar
Ornstein, M., Stewart, P., & Drakich, J. (2007). Promotion at Canadian Universities: The Intersection of Gender, Discipline, and Institution. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 37(3), 1–25.
Perna, L. (2001). Sex differences in faculty salaries: A cohort analysis. Review of Higher Education, 24(3), 283–308.
Statistics Canada. (2018). The surge of women in the workforce.
Statistics Canada. (2019a). 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016241.
Statistics Canada. (2019b). Survey of Postsecondary Faculty and Researchers (SPFR).
Statistics Canada. (2019c). Survey of Postsecondary Faculty and Researchers (SPFR).
Statistics Canada. (2020a). Full-Time: University and College Academic Staff System (FT-UCASS): Data element manual for survey respondents. https://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/statistical-programs/instrument/3101_Q1_V3
Statistics Canada. (2020b). Table 37-10-0076-01 Number of full-time teaching staff at Canadian universities, by rank, sex.
Wang, C., & Doolittle, R. (2021). Locked out of the ivory tower: How universities keep women from rising to the top. The Globe and Mail.
Sato, S., Gygax, P. M., Randall, J., & Schmid Mast, M. (2021). The leaky pipeline in research grant peer review and funding decisions: challenges and future directions. Higher Education, 82(1), 145–162. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-020-00626-y
Statistics Canada. (2020a). Canadian postsecondary enrolments and graduates, 2017/2018. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Statistics Canada. (2020b). Student pathways through postsecondary education, 2011 to 2016. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Statistics Canada. (2021a). Table 37-10-0011-01 Postsecondary enrolments, by field of study, registration status, program type, credential type and gender. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Statistics Canada. (2021b). Table 37-10-0012-01 Postsecondary graduates, by field of study, program type, credential type, and gender. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Turcotte, M. (2011). Women and Education. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Well, M. A., Williams, M., Corrigan, E., & Davidson, V. (2018). Closing the Gender Gap in Engineering and Physics: the role of high school physics. College of Engineering and Physical Sciences, 8.
Acker, J., (1990). Hierarchies, Jobs, Bodies: A Theory of Gendered Organizations. Gender & Society, 4(2), 139–158.
Acker, S., & Armenti, C. (2004). Sleepless in academia. Gender and Education, 16(1), 3–24.
Acker, S. (2003). The Concerns of Canadian Women Academics: Will faculty shortages make things better or worse? McGill Journal of Education, 38(3), 391–405.
Acker, J., (2006). Inequality Regimes: Gender, Class, and Race in Organizations. Gender & Society, 20(4), 441–464.
Acker, S. & Feuerverger, G. (1996). Doing Good and Feeling Bad: the work of women university teachers. Cambridge Journal of Education, 26(3), 401–422.
Acker, S. (2010). Gendered games in academic leadership. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 20(2), 129–152.
Acker, S. & Webber, M. & Smyth, E. (2012). Tenure troubles and equity matters in Canadian academe. British Journal of Sociology in Education, 33(5), 743–761.
Acker, S. (2014). A foot in the revolving door? Women academics in lower-middle management. Higher Education Research & Development, 33(1), 73–85.
Acker, S., Webber, M., & Smyth, E. (2016). Continuity or Change? Gender, Family, and Academic Work for Junior Faculty in Ontario Universities. Journal About Women in Higher Education, 9(1), 1–20.
Acker, S., & Webber, M. (2016). Uneasy Academic Subjectivities in the Contemporary Ontario University. In Identity Work in the Contemporary University (pp. 61–75). SensePublishers.
Acker, S., & Webber, M. (2017). Made to measure: early career academics in the Canadian university workplace. Higher Education Research and Development, 36(3), 541–554.
Acker, S., & Muzzin, L.J. (2019). Minoritized Faculty in Canada’s Universities and Colleges: Gender, Power, and Academic Work. In L. Nichols (Ed.), Working Women in Canada: An Intersectional Approach (pp. 177–202). Toronto: Canadian Scholars/Women’s Press.
Agocs, C. (Ed.). (2014). Employment Equity in Canada: The Legacy of the Abella Report. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Advance HE. (n.d.). Athena Swan Charter.
Baldwin, R. G., Lunceford, C. J., & Vanderlinden, K. E. (2005). Faculty in the Middle Years: Illuminating an Overlooked Phase of Academic Life. Review of Higher Education, 29(1), 97–118.
Banchefsky, S., Westfall, J., Park, B., & Judd, C. M. (2016). But You Don’t Look Like A Scientist!: Women Scientists with Feminine Appearance are Deemed Less Likely to be Scientists. Sex Roles, 75(3–4), 95–109.
CAUT. (2018). Underrepresented & Underpaid: Diversity & equity among Canada’s post-secondary education teachers. Ottawa: CAUT.
Carleton University (2021). Collective Agreement between Carleton University and CUASA (2021-24).
CBC News. (2015, April 30). Female McMaster professors getting a pay boost to same level as men.
CBC News. (2017, May 10). Laurier raises pay for female profs after gender equity analysis.
Council of Canadian Academies. (2012). Strengthening Canada’s research capacity: The gender dimension. Ottawa: Council of Canadian Academies.
Darisi, T., Davidson, V. J., Korabik, K., & Desmarais, S. (2010). Commitment to Graduate Studies and Careers in Science and Engineering: Examining women’s and men’s experiences. International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, 2(1), 47–64.
De Welde, K., & Laursen, S. (2011). The Glass Obstacle Course: Informal and formal barriers for women Ph.D. students in STEM Fields. International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology, 2(3), 571–595.
Doolittle R. & Wang, C. (2021, December 13) Explore the Power Gap in Canadian Universities. The Globe and Mail
Drakich, J., & Stewart, P. (2007). After 40 Years of Feminism: How are university women doing? Academic Matters: The Journal of Higher Education. (February), 6–9.
Dua, E. (2018). On the Effectiveness of Anti-Racist Policies in Canadian Universities: Issues of implementation of policies by senior administration. In F. Henry & C. Tator (Eds.), Racism in the Canadian University: Demanding social justice, inclusion, and equity (pp. 160–196). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Eccles, J. S. (2007). Where Are All the Women? Gender differences in participation in physical science and engineering. In S. J. Ceci & W. M. Williams (Eds.), Why Aren’t More Women in Science?: Top researchers debate the evidence (pp. 199–210). American Psychological Association.
Employment Equity Act (1986, c. C-44). Government of Canada.
Employment Standards Act (2000, c. C-41). Government of Ontario.
Equity, Diversity and Inclusion at Canadian Universities. Universities Canada. (2019, November).
Febbraro, A. & Pickering, D. (2015) Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Management. DRDC – Toronto Research Centre
Government of Canada (n.d.). Federal Contractors Program. Ottawa: Government of Canada.
Government of Canada (2022). Tri-Agency EDI Action Plan for 2018–2025. NSERC.
Government of Ontario. (January 21, 2022). Ontario’s Task Force on Women and the Economy. Toronto: Government of Ontario.
Grasser, C. E. & Shaffer, K. S. (2014) Career Development of Women in Academia: Traversing the leaky pipeline. The Professional Counselor. 4(4). 332–352. DOI:10.15241/ceg.4.4.332
Henry, F., & Tator, C. (Eds.). (2009). Racism in the Canadian University: Demanding social justice, inclusion, and equity. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Henry, A. (2015). ‘We Especially Welcome Applications from Members of Visible Minority Groups’: Reflections on race, gender and life at three universities. Race, Ethnicity and Education 18(5): 589–610.
Henry, F., Dua, E., Kobayashi, A., James, C., Li, P., Ramos, H., & Smith, M. S. (2016). Race, Racialization and Indigeneity in Canadian universities. Race, Ethnicity and Education, 20(3), 300–314.
Henry, F., James, C. E., Li, P. S., Kobayashi, A. L., Smith, M. S., Ramos, H., & Dua, E. (2017). The Equity Myth: Racialization and indigeneity at Canadian universities. Vancouver: UBC Press.
Hill, C., Corbett, C., & St. Rose, A. (2010). Why So Few? Women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Washington (DC): American Association of University Women.
Human Rights Code (1990, c. H.19). Toronto: Government of Ontario.
Kaufman, A. & Colyar, J. (2022). Canadian Academia and the Faculty Gender Gap. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario
Kelly, B. T. & Grant, L. (2012). Penalties and Premiums: The impact of gender, marriage and parenthood on faculty salaries in science, engineering and mathematics (SEM) and non-SEM fields. Social Studies of Science, 42(6), 869–896.
Kelly, B. T., McCann, K., & Porter, K. (2018). White Women’s Faculty Socialization: Persisting within and against a gendered tenure system. The Review of Higher Education 41(4), 523–547.
Kobayashi, A. (2018). Now You See Them, How You See Them: Women of colour in Canadian academia. In Racism in the Canadian University (pp. 60–75). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Lakehead University. (1991). Employment Equity Policy.
Mason, M. A., Wolfinger, N. H., & Goulden, M. (2013). Do Babies Matter? Gender and Family in the Ivory Tower. Ithaca: Rutgers University Press.
Martinez, E. D., Botos, J., Dohoney, K. M., Geiman, T. M., Kolla, S. S., Olivera, A., Qiu, Y., Rayasam, G. V., Stavreva, D. A. and Cohen-Fix, O. (2007), Falling off the Academic Bandwagon. EMBO reports, 8: 977–981.
McDonald, J. and Thornton, R. (2016). Have Pay Equity Laws in Canada Helped Women? A synthetic-control approach. American Review of Canadian Studies, 46(4), 452–473.
Meyerson, D. E., & Fletcher, J. K. (2000). A Modest Manifesto for Shattering the Glass Ceiling. Harvard Business Review, 78(1), 126–136.
Misra, J., Lundquist, J. H., Holmes, E., & Agiomavritis, S. (2011). The Ivory Ceiling of Service Work. Academe, 97(1), 22–26.
Misra, J. Lundquist, J. H., & Templer, A. (2012). Gender, Work Time, and Care Responsibilities Among Faculty. Sociological Forum, 27(2), 300–323.
Morgan, A. C., Way, S. F., Hoefer, M. J. D., Larremore, D. B., Galesic, M. & Clauset, A. (2021). The unequal impact of parenthood in academia. Science Advances, 7(9).
Moyer, M. W. (2012). Motherhood, Not Discrimination, May Account for the Gender Gap in Tenure-Track Science Jobs. Scientific American, 306(6), 16–16.
Mojtehedzadeh, S. (2016, August 4). University of Waterloo boosts salaries of female faculty. Toronto Star.
Muhammad, B. M. & Neuilly, M.-A. (2019). Mothering from the field: the impact of motherhood on site-based research. Ithaca: Rutgers University Press.
Napierala, J. (2022). Trends in the Gender Pay Gap at Ontario Universities. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario.
Napierala, J. & Colyar, J. (2022). Gendered Trends in Ontario University Faculty Employment. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario.
Newson, J. (2012). The University on the Ground: Reflections on Canadian Experience. In M. J. Mossman & M. Luxton (Eds.), Reconsidering Knowledge: Feminism and the Academy. Fernwood Publishing
Nicholas, H., Mason, M. A. & Goulden, M. (2008). Problems in the Pipeline: Gender, marriage, and fertility in the Ivory Tower. Journal of Higher Education, 79(4), 388–405.
Perna, L. (2001). Sex Differences in Faculty Salaries: A cohort analysis. Review of Higher Education, 24(3), 283–307.
Sallee, M. W. (2012). The Ideal Worker or the Ideal Father: Organizational structures and culture in the gendered university. Research in Higher Education, 53(7), 782–802.
Sato, S., Gygax, P. M., Randall, J., & Schmid Mast, M. (2021). The Leaky Pipeline in Research Grant Peer Review and Funding Decisions: Challenges and future directions. Higher Education, 82(1), 145–162.
Silberman Abella, R. (1984). Equality in Employment: A royal commission report. Ottawa: Government of Canada.
Singh, K., Scheckler, R., Darlington, L., & Allen, K. R. (2007). Women in Computer-Related Majors: A critical synthesis of research and theory from 1994 to 2005. Review of Educational Research, 77(4), 500–533.
O’Connell, C. & McKinnon, M. (2021) Perceptions of Barriers to Career Progression for Academic Women in STEM. Societies, 11(2), 27.
Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations. (2016, January). Pay Equity Among Faculty at Ontario’s Universities: OCUFA submission to the Ontario Gender Wage Gap Steering Committee.
Tamtik, M. & Guenter, M. (2019). Policy Analysis of Equity, Diversity and Inclusion Strategies in Canadian Universities – How Far Have We Come? Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 49(3), 41–56.
Tamtik M. (2022). Mirroring Society? Tracing the logic of diversity in the Canadian Journal of Higher Education. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 52(1), 127–144
Ward, K., & Wolf‐Wendel, L. (2016). Academic Motherhood: Mid‐career perspectives and the ideal worker norm. New Directions for Higher Education, 2016(176), 11–23.
Ward, K., Wolf-Wendel, L. & Marco, L. (2019). Women Working in the Field: Perspectives from STEM and beyond. In B. Muhammad & M. Neuilly (Eds.), Mothering from the Field: The impact of motherhood on site-based research (pp. 11-26). Ithaca: Rutgers University Press.
Wijesingha, R. & Ramos, H. (2017). Human Capital or Cultural Taxation: What accounts for differences in tenure and promotion of racialized and female faculty? Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 47(3), 54–75.
Wijesingha, R., & Robson, K. (2022). Glass Ceiling or Murky Waters: The gendered and racialized pathway to full professorship in Canada. The Canadian Review of Sociology, 59(1), 23–42.
Wolfers, J. (2016, June 26). A Family-Friendly Policy That’s Friendliest to Male Professors. The New York Times.
Women in Tech World. (2020). Advancing Women in STEM in the Government of Canada: A Community-first Action Plan.
U of T News. (2019). U of T to implement salary increase for more than 800 women faculty members.
University of Waterloo. (2002, June). Welcoming Women Faculty: The Report of the Provost’s Task Force on Female Faculty Recruitment.
University of Waterloo. (2021, November 15). Canadian universities work together to increase diversity in engineering and Technology. Waterloo News.
University of Waterloo. (2022, June 30). Faculty salaries at Waterloo. Faculty Association.
UNESCO Publishing. (2007). Science, Technology and Gender: An international report.
Xie, Y., & Shauman, K. A. (1997). Modelling the Sex-Typing of Occupational Choice: Influences of occupational structure. Sociological Methods & Research, 62(4), 1208–1233.